Plan and implement: Lesson plan and activities plansFeatured

Among the primary responsibilities of early childhood educators is the responsibility to plan and implement intentional and developmentally appropriate learning experiences that promote social and emotional development, physical development and health, cognitive development, and general learning skills of each of the children that attends.

It’s important to plan activities based on the ages of the children and the objective we want to achieve. The study plans and teaching methods are built from each child’s resources by connecting their experiences in school or educational environment with their home or community environment.

What is a lesson plan?

A lesson plan for toddlers is a teacher-structured document that describes the sequence of activities and learning experiences designed to teach a specific concept to children at an early age, usually ages 3 to 5. These plans are designed to be interactive, fun and adapted to the needs and development levels of young children. Here are some key elements you could include in a lesson plan for toddlers:

Lesson objective: Clearly defines what children should learn at the end of the lesson

Materials: List all the materials needed for the lesson, such as books, toys, art supplies, etc.

Introduction: Include a starter activity to capture children’s attention and prepare them for the lesson topic

Development: Divide the lesson into sequential steps or activities that help children understand the concept. Use interactive and hands-on methods, as children learn best through experience.

Evaluation: Include strategies to assess children’s understanding, such as questions, observations, and follow up activities.

Adaptations: Consider possible adaptations to meet the different needs and learning styles of the children in the group.

Time: Set a time estimate for each activity to ensure the lesson fits into the available time frame.

Closure: Conclude the lesson effectively, summarizing what children have learned and provide opportunities to ask questions or make comments.

It is important to remember that young children have limited attention spans, so lessons should be short, stimulating and full of variety to keep their interest. Additionally, flexibility is key, as you may need to adjust the lesson based on the children’s responses and level of engagement during the teaching process.

A lesson plan can be done weekly with a single topic or with different topics weekly. For children between 3 years old it can include gross motor activities, fine motor activities, art projects, crafts, sensory activities, outdoor activities, learning and experimentation games.

Example of a lesson plan for a week:


Crucial tips for selecting books that encourage social-emotional learning in childrenFeatured

When choosing books intended to support social-emotional learning in the educational environment, it is imperative to keep in mind several key elements.

The selected stories must have the following attributes:

Relatable characters: choose books that feature characters that children can easily identify with, which will encourage a deeper emotional connection.

Appropriate content and reading level: it is essential that both the content and the reading level are adjusted to the age of the children, thus guaranteeing adequate understanding and effective learning.

Familiar language: select books that use accessible and familiar language for children, thus facilitating the understanding and absorption of socio-emotional concepts.

Identifiable stories: look for narratives that reflect identifiable situations for children, which will allow them to relate to the experiences presented in the book.

Cultural and ethnic diversity: prioritize books that promote cultural and ethnic diversity, offering a varied representation of experiences and perspectives.

Practical and realistic solutions: ensure that stories present practical and realistic solutions to social-emotional problems, giving children effective tools to deal with similar situations.

When selecting a book, it is crucial to evaluate the quality of the writing, the target audience, the cultural accuracy, and the authenticity of both the text and the illustrations. Additionally, it is beneficial to consider the possible conversations the book could generate among children and with educators.

Next, there are some suggested titles being provided that meet these criteria:


  • You matter (Christian Robinson)
  • All the ways to be smart (Davina Bell)
  • Alma and how she got her name (Juana Martinez-Neal)
  • Where are you from? (Yamile Saied Méndez)

Kindness and respect

  • Kindness is my superpower (Alicia Ortego)
  • The invisible child (Trudy Ludwig)
  • Last stop on market street (Matt de la Peña)
  • I walk with vanessa (Kerascoeet)

Emotions and self-regulation

  • Why do we cry? (Fran Pintadera)
  • The colored monster: a story about emotions (Anna Llenas)
  • The boy with big, big feelings (Britney Winn Lee)
  • Crabby Pants (Julie Gassman)

Conflicted resolution

  • Poe will not go (Kelly DiPucchio and Zachariah OHora)
  • The Fort (Laura Perdew)
  • The peace rose (parent child press)
  • The recess queen (Alexis O’Neill)

Embrace diversity

  • Just ask! (Sonia Sotomayor)
  • All are welcome (Alexandra Penfold y Suzanne Kaufman)
  • What if we were all the same! (C.M. Harris)
  • All because you matter (Tami Charles)

Building friendships

  • Otto and Pio (Marianne Dubuc)
  • Strictly no elephants (Lisa Mantchev)
  • How to lose all your friends (Nancy Carlson)
  • Stick and stone (Beth Ferry)

Art activity for children: Ages 3 years and older

Materials we use:

  • Paint
  • Brushes
  • Apron
  • Water
  • Paper

The development that the child will have through this activity will stimulate his imagination and will also strengthen motor areas, cognitive development, among others.